What is Skin inflammation? Full details

Skin inflammation is a condition where the skin's response to invasion from bacteria, virus, fungi, or parasites. The immune system of our body attacks these invaders and causes swelling and redness. The three signs of skin inflammation are: Causation – Redness – Swelling

Skin infections that occur because of injuries, caused by chemicals, plants, animals, or other harmful substances can also be classified as inflammations. Skin inflammation affects most people today whether they are adults or kids because of the changing environment that surrounds us making it tougher for most of us to manage our skin conditions at ease. Due to the constant exposure to different irritants and allergens, many are suffering from skin inflammations which can lead to serious health issues if not treated away so it is important that you know how to manage it properly in order not to experience unnecessary pain.

skin inflammation
skin inflammation

The most common skin inflammations are atopic dermatitis, rosacea, dermatitis, psoriasis, acne, and folliculitis which are characterized by redness of the skin followed by itching or burning sensation that destroys the affected area in just a few days. Those with these conditions have no choice but seek medical help from their doctors in order for them to effectively treat their conditions because topical creams alone can't fully heal them especially when they're chronic inflammatory diseases.

According to research, inflammation is the body's defense against foreign invaders like bacteria and viruses which make our white blood cells produce enzymes that fight these pathogens away. But this same thing can damage our own cells when they're in an overactive mode which causes the destruction of tissues and organs.

What Are The Types Of Skin Inflammation?

There are different types of skin inflammations such as contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, bacterial cellulitis, etc. Let us look at them one-by-one:

  • Contact Dermatitis – This occurs an external substance brings irritation to our skin. The condition is also called allergic dermatitis because it occurs due to wasp venom, poison ivy, or other allergens.

  • Atopic dermatitis – This type of inflammation occurs when one's immune system malfunctions and attacks the upper layer of our skin which traps moisture and results in redness and itching. Eczema is an example of atopic dermatitis.

  • Bacterial cellulitis – It is a bacterial infection that affects the deeper layers of our skin causing pain, swelling, and fever. Bacterial cellulitis can be serious if not treated, so consult your doctor immediately if you're experiencing these symptoms.

  • Fungal cellulitis – It is another form of cellulitis that affects people who have a weak immune system or have had some skin injury.

  • Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) – It is a rare type of cellulitis that affects the body when certain types of bacteria release toxic chemicals into our bloodstream.

  • Necrotizing fasciitis – This type of skin inflammation occurs when the toxins released by certain types of bacteria destroy the tissues under our skin. It causes fever, chills, and severe pain in the abdomen, groin, or limbs.

What Are The Causes Of Skin Inflammation?

The following are some possible causes of inflammations:

  • Infections caused by viruses, parasites, and fungi 

  • Allergic reactions to various substances like food items 

  • Damaged cells in the outermost layer of our skin

  • Infectious and non-infectious rashes 

  • Damage to the deeper layers of our skin

What Are The Symptoms Of Skin Inflammations?

The symptoms vary depending on the inflammatory condition you're suffering from; however, there are some common signs and you should look out for:

  • Pain – This is usually intense especially when inflammations occur in areas like joints or muscles

  • Redness – This refers to the color of inflamed areas which resembles bloodshot eyes because our blood vessels dilate causing increased blood flow to these areas

  • Swelling – This happens when you suffer from inflammations such as rosacea since inflamed blood vessels cause fluids to leak into these areas making them appear puffy.

  • Itching – This is the body's way of telling us that we're suffering from inflammations, thus you should always listen to your body and take immediate action.

  • Hotness – Skin affected by inflammations usually feels hot because it contains increased blood flow bringing more warmth to this area.

How To Treat Skin Inflammation?

There are many treatments for inflammations – medical and home remedies – so consult your doctor first before trying any of them. But if you do decide to try a home remedy, it is best that you follow this rule: start with one, then move on to another treatment only when the first one hasn't worked. Here are some common household items that can be used as natural remedies for inflammation:

  • Aloe gel – This plant has anti-inflammatory properties which reduce swelling and redness in skin disorders. You can either use its leaves or extract its gel from the leaf itself.

  • Lemon juice – It is also a helpful remedy for inflammations because of its anti-inflammatory properties. You can apply lemon juice to the affected area to reduce redness and swelling, but don't leave it on your skin for more than five minutes as lemon can lighten your skin color over time.

  • Apple cider vinegar – Mix equal amounts of apple cider vinegar and water then soak a cotton ball in it. Apply this mixture to the affected area with some gentle massaging.

  • Tea tree oil – This oil has antibacterial and anti-fungal agents that fight inflammation-causing bacteria (like staph). You can use tea tree oil by simply putting some drops directly on the inflamed site or put few drops of it on your palms and then use a cotton ball to apply it to the affected area.

  • Coconut oil – It has anti-inflammatory properties so it works well on skin inflammations like psoriasis, dermatitis, or eczema. You can also mix coconut oil with some essential oils for added benefits.

  • Raw honey – This is one of the best natural remedies for inflammation because of its anti-inflammatory agents, antioxidants, and antimicrobial properties. Apply raw honey directly to the inflamed areas to reduce redness and swelling.

What Are Some Ways To Prevent Skin Inflammations?

There are certain steps you can take to prevent inflammations especially those that are common in most people: 

  • Wash your hands often as germs gather in your hands and can easily be transferred to the skin when you touch it 

  • Stay away from harsh chemicals, including cleaning products that can irritate your skin 

  • Wear protective clothing like gloves when you're exposed to materials like cement or paint which can cause skin irritation

  • Avoid scratching an affected area of your skin because it only makes the inflammation worse and also exposes your body to more risks by increasing your chances of infection.

Prevention is always better than cure when it comes to curing inflammations, thus you should take special care of your skin by avoiding harsh chemicals that can damage the outer layer of our epidermis which protects us from harmful pathogens coming from the outside environment. Use natural ingredients instead like oatmeal since it contains anti-inflammatory properties making it great for treating inflammatory conditions when combined with other natural ingredients such as honey, papaya, and green tea leaves among others.

In addition to this, ensure that your diet is rich in omega 3 fatty acids found in oily fish like salmon and tuna plus a variety of fruits and vegetables because they contain antioxidants that strengthen our immunity system by fighting free radicals causing these inflammatory conditions. You should also drink at least 8 glasses of water every day to keep your body hydrated and healthy.

What Are The Most Common Skin Inflammations?

Here are some inflammatory conditions most common among people: 

  • Atopic dermatitis – This is a type of eczema characterized by intense itching and redness on parts of our body such as arms, legs, neck, and face. It mostly affects those who have a family history of atopic dermatitis. 

  • Rosacea – This is a skin condition that causes redness and swelling on our face, especially on the cheeks and nose. It doesn't cause pain but those affected by rosacea usually feel burning or stinging sensation as well as tightness. 

  • Dermatitis – Dermatitis refers to inflammation of the skin that occurs when we're exposed to certain allergens like pollen, dust mites, cosmetics, and even certain foods like peanuts and shellfish.

  • Psoriasis – This is a type of chronic inflammatory disease characterized by itchy red scales that form thick silvery patches of dead cells then shed off into the environment. It's contagious nor does it require treatment, but corticosteroid creams can help relieve the itching and reduce inflammation.

  • Acne – Acne is a type of skin inflammation that occurs when oil glands (sebaceous glands) become clogged by dead skin cells then finally produce too much sebum (oil). It affects most teenagers, especially due to their fluctuating hormone levels during puberty which causes increased production of sebum. 

  • Folliculitis – This is a skin condition characterized by red bumps on our scalp or face that look like pimples. These red bumps are actually inflamed hair follicles that contain pus.

Allergic inflammation 

This refers to the immune response we have when we come in contact with an allergen like pollen and dust mites leading to swelling and redness around our eyes nose known as allergic rhinitis. 

Autoimmune inflammation 

This is an abnormal immune response triggered by our body's auto-immune cells which mistake healthy tissue for foreign invaders like bacteria and viruses leading to chronic conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). 

Cell injury inflammation 

This type of inflammation occurs when injured cells release enzymes that trigger the immune system to start repairing damaged tissues by sending white blood cells into these affected areas. 

Chronic inflammation 

This refers to long-term inflammatory responses caused by damaged tissues which lead to swelling and pain within the joint, excessive production of mucus in respiratory passages, behavior changes in some dementia patients, and even cancer tumor growth.

Infection-related inflammation 

This happens when our body is invaded by bacteria, fungi, or infectious agents which causes damage to these invading cells leading to redness and swelling. 

Noninfectious inflammation 

Also referred to as autoimmune-mediated inflammation, this refers to disorders of the immune system that cause continuous activation of inflammatory pathways leading to a chronic inflammatory state in different parts of our body such as arthritis caused by rheumatoid factor antibodies found in the blood. This type of inflammation also occurs in response to certain medications like penicillin and sulfonamides.